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Francisco Pizarro (1476 – 1541) Chronology

  • 1476 Francisco Pizarro born, Trujillo, Extremadura
  • 1492 Columbus discovers the New World
  • 1502 Possible date of his departure for the New World and the island of Hispaniola (present-day Dominican Republic and Haiti)
  • 1509 Arrives in the Isthmus from Hispaniola
  • 1513 Accompanies Vasco de Balboa in discovery of the Pacific Ocean
  • 1514 Diego de Almagro and Hernando de Soto arrive in the Isthmus in the armada of its new governor, Don Pedro Arias Davila, known as Pedrarias
  • 1515 St Teresa of Avila born
  • 1519 Hernén Cortés conquers Mexico
  • 1522 The Basque Pascual de Andagoya reconnoitres the Pacific coastlands of Colombia and Ecuador, the northern empire of the Incas
  • 1523-7 Exploratory voyages by Pizarro and Almagro to Ecuadorian coast
  • 1527 Death of Inca Emperor Huayna Capac
  • 1529 Civil war between Inca Emperor Huéscar and his half-brother Atahualpa; At Toledo Emperor Charles V awards Pizarro the Capitulacion de Conquista, right of conquest, of Inca empire
  • 1532 Pizarro’s conquistadores seize Atahualpa at Cajamarca
  • Almagro’s reinforcements reach Cajamarca; Distribution of treasure at Cajamarca; Execution of Atahualpa at Cajamarca; Capture of Cuzco
  • 1535 Hernando de Soto leaves Peru for Spain; Almagro leaves Cuzco for conquest of Chile; Pizarro founds City of the Kings at Lima as capital of colony of New Castile
  • 1536-7 Cuzco besieged by Emperor Manco
  • 1537 Almagro relieves Cuzco and captures the city for himself
  • 1538 Almagro’s forces defeated at Battle of Salinas by Hernando Pizarro’s loyalist army. Almagro executed
  • 1539 Birth of historian Garcilaso de la Vega at Cuzco; Gonzalo Pizarro leads first invasion of Vilcabamba
  • 1540 Gonzalo leads expedition to Amazon
  • 1541 Pizarro killed at Lima
  • 1542 Governor Vaca de Castro defeats Almagro’s son at Battle of Chupas
  • 1544 Gonzalo Pizarro leads an armed rebellion in Cuzco and governs the colony for four years until his defeat at the Battle of Jaquijahuana
  • 1545 Discovery of silver mine at Potosi
  • 1552 Hernando Pizarro marries Pizarro’s daughter, Francisca, at the castle of La Mom in Medina del Campo
  • 1556 Abdication of Emperor Charles V in favour of his son King Philip II
  • 1557 Inca Sayri induced to leave Vilcabamba
  • 1560 Young Garcilaso de la Vega leaves Peru for Spain, never to return
  • 1561 Hernando Pizarro released from the castle of La Mota
  • 1572 Viceroy Don Francisco de Toledo orders inquiry into Inca history. Toledo orders second invasion of Vilcabamba. Capture and execution of Inca Amaru
  • 1578 Death of Hernando Pizarro
  • 1590 Death at Cuzco of last of Pizarro’s conquistadores

Biography, Photos, Quotes of Francisco Pizarro